Physical therapy and proximal humeral bone fracture

Physical therapy and proximal humeral bone fracture

May 1, 2022

This is a fracture near your shoulder joint. In anatomy, the term proximal refers to being near your body. Humeral is your arm bone. So a proximal-humeral fracture can be defined as a fracture that occurs close to your shoulder joint. This is the most severe fracture that can affect your ability to move your arm or shoulder properly. This injury can severely limit your ability to work or perform daily activities.


The most common signs of a proximal fracture are
  • Intense pain in your hand, wrist, and arm
  • It is difficult to move your hands and shoulders.
  • You feel a swelling in your hands and shoulders
  • Coloration of your shoulders and upper arms
  • Bruising to your shoulder and upper arms


Most fractures of the proximal and middle humerus are caused by a sudden injury to the arm or shoulder, such as FOOSH injury. This is more common in seniors who have osteoporosis or osteopenia. The majority of proximal injuries to the humerus occur due to a fall.
  • Falling onto your outstretched arm (FOOSH Injury)
  • A sudden, very strong pull on your shoulder
  • Do not fall on your shoulders

How physical therapy can help

The physical therapist might see you immediately following an injury. If this is the case, the therapist will begin your session by giving instructions on how to wear your sling properly. The physical therapist will teach you gentle exercises that keep your shoulder moving, even when you are wearing the sling. They also inform you if these exercises are safe. Your sling should be removed after 4 to 6 weeks. After that, physical therapy can continue. This includes an evaluation of your arm and shoulder. Your physical therapist will give you a list of exercises to help you achieve the five main goals for the physical therapy treatment.
  • Different exercises can increase the range of motion, such as rotational exercise and moving you’re in all directions.
  • Long periods of immobilization can reduce arm strength. Therefore, you should do various strengthening exercises that will target your triceps, biceps, and rotator cuff muscles.
  • To reduce pain and swelling, there are many options available such as hot and cold packs and electrical nerve stimulation.
Because it affects your upper body, the proximal Humeral fracture can cause significant life-altering effects. However, you can quickly return to normal and not feel depressed with physical therapy.

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