Physical therapy and Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

Physical therapy and Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

May 4, 2022

Ever wonder what would happen if you suddenly find yourself unable to speak or open your mouth properly? What about other functions like eating, drinking, speaking, etc. This could happen to anyone. The temporomandibular joints attach your mandible to your skull. This joint allows for easy up and down movement and sideways movement. Although there are many reasons for temporomandibular dysfunction, it is most likely that you will not be able to control your mandible’s movements effectively.


Multiple factors can lead to temporomandibular dysfunction, such as

  • Problems with muscle and tendon in the temporomandibular joint
  • Habitual teeth grinding or clenching
  • Dislocation of the Temporomandibular Joint
  • Arthritis in joints
  • Any type of mechanical or physical injury
  • Disk erosion or dysfunction
  • Excessive strain on joint


Although minor temporomandibular dysfunction may resolve on its own, if a repetitive injury occurs, temporomandibular dysfunction can lead to visible symptoms that can adversely impact our daily activities. This should be treated promptly. These are some of the symptoms that are common in temporomandibular dysfunction.

  • Temporomandibular pain is unbearable
  • Pain in either one or both of the temporomandibular joint
  • Radiation of pain to your ears
  • As well as difficulty in speaking and chewing
  • Incapable of mobilizing the same amount from the temporomandibular Joint
  • The temporomandibular joints may be locked, which can cause problems opening and closing your mouth.


Many pain relievers or medicines for arthritis can be used to treat temporomandibular dysfunction. These medicines are not able to correct the problem and will only make the symptoms worse. The main treatment to restore the mobility capacity of the temporomandibular joints is physical therapy. The primary treatment for temporomandibular dysfunction is physical therapy. It focuses on stretching, relaxing and exercising the muscles in order to relieve tension and strengthen the joints and muscles. Temporomandibular dysfunction can sometimes be caused by dislocation of the joint. This situation can be addressed by a physical therapist who can help to normalize the temporomandibular dislocated joint.


A person suffering from temporomandibular dysfunction must have a proper session of physical therapy. This will allow the person to not only treat the symptoms but also restore normal function to the joint

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